North Carolina Agricultural and Technical State University (also known as North Carolina A&T State University, North Carolina A&T, N.C. A&T, or simply A&T) is a public, coeducational, historically black, research university located in Greensboro, North Carolina, United States. It is a constituent institution of the University of North Carolina, one of the oldest public universities in the United States. Founded by act of the North Carolina General Assembly, on March 9, 1891, as the Agricultural and Mechanical College for the Colored Race, it is the second college established under the provisions of the Morrill Land-Grant Acts, and first for people of color in the state of North Carolina. Initially, the college offered instruction in Agriculture, English, Horticulture, and Mathematics. In 1967, the college was designated a Regional University by the North Carolina General Assembly and renamed “North Carolina Agricultural and Technical State University.”
Today, with an enrollment of over 12,000 students, North Carolina A&T is the largest historically black university in the U.S. According to U.S. News & World Report, the university was ranked 7th nationally among historically black institutions, and first among public historically black institutions. The university is also well recognized for its degree program in engineering. The university’s College of Engineering has consistently ranked first in the nation for the number of degrees awarded to African Americans at undergraduate level, and is a leading producer of African-American engineers with master’s and doctorate degrees. The university is also a leading producer of African-American psychology undergraduates; minority certified public accountants, landscape architects, veterinarians, and agricultural graduates.
The university offers 177 Undergraduate, 30 master, and nine doctoral degrees through its two professional colleges and seven schools; The university awards more than 1,900 degrees annually, and has an alumni base around 40,000 in numbers. The main campus encompasses over 200 acres (0.81 km2) in area, additionally, the university operates a 600 acres (2.4 km2) working farm, and two research parks totaling a combined 150 acres (0.61 km2). The university is classified as a high activity research university by the Carnegie Classification of Institutions of Higher Education. The university ranks third in sponsored funding among University of North Carolina system institutions, As of 2012, the university conducts over $29 Million in academic and scientific research annually, and operates 16 research centers and institutes on campus. The university’s designation as a land grant institution reflects its broad range of research with ongoing projects funded by agencies such as the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), U.S. Department of Agriculture, U.S. Department of Defense, National Institutes of Health, and the National Space Foundation.